Waafrika tulindeni mazingira yetu

Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dkt. Mohammed Gharib Bilal, akisoma hotuba yake katika Mkutano wa Mataifa ya Tropiki yaliyo katika Ukanda wenye Misitu mikubwa na yenye kuvuna mvua kwa wingi, uliofanyika kwenye Ukumbi wa Bunge la Jamhuri ya watu wa Kongo Brazzaville jana Ijumaa Juni 3

Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. Mohammed Gharib Bilal ameiwakilisha Tanzania katika mkutano tajwa hapo juu uliofanyika katika jiji la Brazzaville, Jamhuri ya Watu wa Kongo ambapo Tanzania ilishiriki kama nchi mwalikwa.


Anuani ya Simu: “MAKAMU” Ofisi ya Makamu wa Rais,
Simu Na.: 2116919 S.L.P. 5380,
Fax Na: 2116990 Dar es Salaam,
Tovuti: http://www.vpo.go.tz Tanzania.



Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. Mohammed Gharib Bilal ameiwakilisha Tanzania katika mkutano tajwa hapo juu uliofanyika katika jiji la Brazzaville, Jamhuri ya Watu wa Kongo ambapo Tanzania ilishiriki kama nchi mwalikwa.

Ujumbe wa Dkt. Bilal uliambatana na Mama Zakhia Bilal, Waziri wa Maliasili na Utalii Ezekiel Maige, Waziri katika Ofisi ya Makamu wa kwanza wa Rais Zanzibar; Fatma Fereji na Naibu Waziri wa Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Kimataifa Mahadhi Juma Maalim.

Katika mkutano huo, ujumbe uliosomwa na Dkt. Bilal umebainisha nafasi ya Tanzania katika kushiriki makubaliano mbalimbali ya kimataifa yenye lengo la kuhifadhi mazingira na kukabiliana na mabadiliko ya tabia nchi. Pia hotuba ya Makamu wa Rais Dkt. Bilal imefafanua changamoto ambazo Tanzania inakabiliana nazo ikiwa ni nchi yenye misitu mingi katika ukanda wa Afrika Mashariki.

Dkt. Bilal alifika jijini Brazzavile Juni 2, 2011 kisha kuhutubia mkutano huo Juni 03, 2011 majira ya saa 10 mchana ambayo ni sawa na saa 12 jioni kwa saa za Afrika Mashariki. Nchi zinaunda ukanda huu ni zaidi ya 30 ambazo zinapatikana katika mabara ya Afrika, Asia na Amerika ya Kusini. Taarifa zaidi inapatikana katika hotuba ya Makamu wa Rais aliyoitoa katika mkutano huo ambayo imeambatanishwa.

Imeandaliwa na: Boniphace Makene
Mwandishi wa Habari wa Makamu wa Rais
Juni 03, 2011

3RD JUNE 2011

Your Excellency President of the Republic of Congo
Your Excellency The Mayor of Brazzaville
Your Excellencies Heads of States of the Three Rainforest Basins
Your Excellency The African Union President
Your Excellency UN Secretary General Representative
Your Excellencies invited Head of States and Governments
Your Excellency Mrs Wangari Maathai
Distinguished participants
Ladies and Gentlemen
Let me begin by thanking our host His Excellency President Dennis S. Nguesso for the warm reception and hospitality my delegation and I have received since our arrival in the Republic of Congo. I thank also the organizers of the Summit of the Heads of States of the three Rainforest Basins of Amazon, Congo and South East Asia. We are extremely delighted to be invited to this important Summit addressing some of the key issues regarding the major rainforests on our planet.

The United Republic of Tanzania is the largest country in the East Africa, with a total area of 945,087 Sq km. It is the country with the highest point in Africa: The snow caped Mount Kilimanjaro, which is 5,950 meters high. The country has approximately 40million people. Agriculture (including livestock) is the dominant sector in Tanzanian’s economy employs over 80% of the population. Tourism and Mining sectors also play a significant role in local and national economy.

Tanzania mainland has a total forest area of 33.4 million hectares (ha) representing 38% of the total land area. However, 57% of all of these forests are on general land with open access, while 43% of the forested land is designated either as Forest Reserves (FRs) or National Parks (protected areas). These forests are supposed to be managed for either production and/or protection based on Forest Management Plans.

Forest goods and services contribute annually about $ 2.2 billion, which is a significant contribution to the Gross Domestic Product. These forests are sources of energy to about 95% of the country’s energy requirements. Ecosystem services which accrue from these forests include: watershed functions, maintenance of soil fertility, conservation of biodiversity, preservation of cultural values, sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2), climatic amelioration and eco-tourism.

Distinguished Participants, Ladies and Gentlemen,
As a Nation, we benefit a lot from goods and services from our natural forests. Unfortunately, we face a serious challenge due to high rates of deforestation and degradation. The main causes of deforestation are rapid population growth, poverty, clearing for unsustainable agriculture, wildfires, persistent reliance on wood-fuel for energy and over-exploitation of wood resources. Between 2000 and 2005, for example, the forest loss accounted for
412,000 hectre per year. We attribute this high loss to inadequate resources to implement a viable and sustainable forest management programme.

Yet data on the extent of the forest resource is limited, fragmented and outdated. Regular resource assessments have not been carried out due to inadequate financial resources. To meet this challenge, The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania initiated the National Forestry Resources Monitoring and Assessment (NAFORMA) which is a 4 years project (2008-2012) to assess forest resource in the country. The objectives of the project are to develop baseline and long-term monitoring system, develop multi-source approach to forest resource assessment, address domestic needs for forest information, address international reporting requirements and build capacity of government staff to provide these functions.

Distinguished Participants, Ladies and Gentlemen,
There is growing evidence that climate change is impacting negatively on forests and forest ecosystems and therefore livelihoods of forest dependent communities and national economic activities that depend on forest products and services. These negative impacts are manifested by high temperatures, floods, droughts, hurricanes, disease and pests outbreaks and epidemics, poor crop yields and unreliable water supplies. Evaluation of the impacts of climate change on forests and forest ecosystems and livelihoods is an urgent area of study.

Distinguished Participants,

The United Republic of Tanzania is implementing several climate change initiatives that are guided by macro economic policy framework and sectoral policies and programmes. Some of the initiatives include the Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change; preparation of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), Education, Training, Public Awareness and Preparation of the National Climate Change Strategy of Action. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism is implementing sectoral policies and programmes which have direct or indirect bearing on mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

The Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) concept is – at its core – a proposal to provide financial incentives to help developing countries voluntarily reduce national deforestation rates and associated carbon emissions below a baseline. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania considers the REDD+ initiative as a viable option for the country to meet its obligations of managing her forests and woodlands on a sustainable basis and responds to poverty reduction initiatives accordingly.

The United Republic of Tanzania has already embarked on REDD+ Readiness Phase (2008-2012). The phase involves a process of developing a National REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan where nine (9) REDD+ pilotprojects were initiated across the country. Furthermore, we intend to launch a National Carbon Monitoring System, Reporting and Verification System and the REDD+ Financial Mechanism for the United Republic to contribute and benefit from post 2012 climate change regime.

Distinguished Participants, Ladies and Gentlemen,
In conclusion, The United Republic of Tanzania has undertaken measures to reduce Greenhouse Gases and actively is participating in global discussions on climate change mitigations and adaptation, specifically in the ways of protecting and managing her tropical forests. Here in Brazzaville, the Head of States and Government of the three basins discussed and exchanged views on the current situation and future prospects for cooperation on tropical forests as well as concrete steps for strengthening cooperation amongst their countries in the spirit of mutual interest.

The United Republic of Tanzania recognizes and strongly supports the cooperation under establishment and the outcome of this Summit. As my country neighbors Congo Basin, we are particularly interested in issues related to strengthening of forest governance, supporting regional and sub-regional programmes, trade on forest products, as well as knowledge and technology transfer. We look forward to learn and share benefits from the cooperation of the three basins at regional and international level.

With those few remarks I thank you all.

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